A Month to Month Schedule for Gardening all Year Round

Here’s a guideline to help your all year gardening from free seed catalogs, through seedlings, transplanting to harvest.

January

  • Start seedlings indoors from flower seeds for flowers such as petunias and ageratum.
  • Plant begonia bulbs now through February.
  • Force rhubarb that you have dug and stored indoors in boxes as well as hyacinths.

February

  • Start seedlings from all annual flower seeds and vegetable seeds such as beets, celery, leeks, lettuce and onions.
  • Plant begonia bulbs if you didn’t in January.

March

  • In milder weather climates you can now plant your hardier veggies. Many veggies planted now will give you spring harvests and you can plant the second crop later. Plant leeks, lettuce, onion sets. peas, radishes, spinach and turnips.
  • Transplant celery, chives and onions.
  • Start seedlings of broccoli, cabbage, cauliflower, leeks and parsley.

April

  • Plant vegetable seeds for beets, carrots, corn, dill, lettuce, parsnips, peas, potatoes, radish, spinach.
  • Transplant beets, broccoli, cabbage, cauliflower, leeks, lettuce, onions.
  • Start seedlings of cucumber, onions, peppers, squash and tomatoes.
  • Start performing spring lawn care i.e. aeration, liming, fertilizing with 20-10-5 and sowing a few seeds if there are any bare patches.

May

  • for colder weather climates, the end of May is a safe time to plant vegetable seeds and flowers seeds from the free seed catalogs without fear of frost.
  • Plant vegetable seeds for asparagus, beans, broccoli, cabbage, carrots, cauliflower, garlic, lettuce, potatoes, squash, radish.
  • Thin previously planted seedlings.
  • Transplant cucumbers, parsley, petunias squash, tomatoes.
  • First Harvest of previously planted vegetable seeds asparagus, lettuce, onions, radish, spinach, turnips.

June

  • Plant vegetable seeds for beans, beets, carrots, pumpkins and squash.
  • Thin previously planted vegetable seedlings to prevent crowding – especially important for root crops like carrots, beets and parsnips.
  • Transplant cabbage, cauliflower, celery, peppers and squash.
  • Time to Harvest beans, beets broccoli, carrots, peas, potatoes, Swiss chard.
  • Remove flower stalks from irises that have finished blooming – prevents seed formation and waste of energy.
  • Hill potatoes that were planted in May.

July

  • Plant vegetable seeds for second crops of the vegetable plants that were planted early in the season. This will produce a second crop. Choose vegetable seeds that will produce vegetable plants that can withstand hot summer days. Spinach is a vegetable plant that will “blot” and go to seed quickly in hot weather so is not a good one to plant now.
  • Fertilize all vegetables but especially asparagus, parsnips and turnips.
  • Stomp down the tops of your tulips to allow nutrients to return to the bulbs for next year. This is a good time to dig them up and split off the new bulbs that have been produced. Put in storage until late September of October.
  • Perform another lawn care with fertilizer. A good month to lay sod, but don’t forget to prepare well first and water a lot after laying.
  • Harvest vegetable plants that are ready. Young new vegetables are the tastiest.

August

  • this is a month to enjoy all your hard work. The vegetable seeds have produced delectable vegetable plants. The flower seeds from the free seeds catalogs are all in glorious bloom.
  • If you wish to have a fall harvest plant peas, beans and spinach now.
  • Dig your potatoes.

September

  • Plant fall bulbs for spring blooming.
  • Transplant perennials.
  • Divide lilies and peonies.
  • Prepare your lawn for the winter by fertilizing. This month is also a good one for planting a new lawn.

October

  • Force hyacinths and tulips.
  • Dig up begonia bulbs and bring inside for storage of bulbs.
  • Harvest all tomatoes before the first frost or you will any that are still on the vine. Green tomatoes can ripen on your kitchen window sill.

November

  • Plant flower seeds for marigolds and calla lilies.
  • Cover roses and asparagus.
  • Dig up dahlias and gladioluses.
  • Dig up the last of the parsnips. The longer they stay in, the sweeter they will be. Parsnips can withstand frost.

December

  • Relax and enjoy the festivities! Maybe you will get a new free seed catalog in your stocking.